The brown recluse spider, spider in the corner or spider violinist, usually measured between 6 and 20 mm long, but they may be larger in some regions.
The spider violinist is a variety of spider araneomorfa of the family Sicariidae. It is believed that it is the most dangerous of the spiders of the species Loxosceles, because their bite generates systemic reactions and severe local and can even cause death.
The periods of the year with the greatest frequency of bites are from November to march. It is clarified that these spiders do not generate bites, but that bite with your jaw.
Spiders violinists are light brown in color, but some may have a range of colors from light brown to dark gray. These spiders have a “drawing” or mark in the shape of a violin on the top of its cephalothorax (head and thorax united).
The mark is that this spider is known by the nickname of spider-fiddler brown or spider violin.
However, the spiders cellar spiders and pirate also have “drawings” that are equal to the spider violinist.
To notice the difference, it is best to look at your eyes: Normally spiders have eight, while the spiders violinists have six and a abdomen that is covered with fine hairs and short, as if it were a soft fur.
HOW LONG CAN IT LIVE A SPIDER, A VIOLINIST?
The stage of life is usually two or three years, and each female produces many bags of eggs between may and July. Approximately there are 50 eggs in each sac and in a month they hatch, and in a year come to be adults.
The spider violinist is very resilient and could live for a period of six months in extreme conditions of drought and great scarcity of food.
These spiders have a great talent to adapt and that’s why they migrate to houses human to shelter from the light and other predators. Usually they are not aggressive, however they react very violent when they feel frightened or trapped. Spiders violinists mix with his environment, and because of that spoils a lot of light, choose to live in areas that are dark.
When you are inside of a home, they want to live in cardboard boxes, shoes, drawers, sheets of beds, with little use piled, in clothing that leaves stacked, work gloves, behind pictures hanging on the walls and also in the bathrooms. These spiders build webs that are asymmetrical, usually in dry places and quiet, such as sheds, closets, garages and basements.
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SIGNS OF BITE BY A SPIDER VIOLINIST
The bite of this spider usually will not be felt immediately, but it could be very serious. The lesions become red spots, white, and blue, which can be transformed into a lesion volcanic.
In severe cases, the bite will turn gangrenous and could become an open wound the size of a human hand. You can take two or more months to achieve recovery in a complete manner, and will surely be scars as witnesses of a bite of this deadly spider.
Spider bite violinist and symptoms:
*Very High Fever
*Nausea and stomach pain
*Feeling of feeling bad
Some people might not feel the spider bite at the time, however, they begin to suffer the first symptoms within 2 to 8 hours after the bite. The symptoms that occur in the act include: swelling, pain and burning, fever, and dizziness.
In the hours or days following the injury, have changes in the skin, blisters appear full of blood haemolysed (black) and the break this blister regions of white skin which indicates that it is a skin without strength (ischemic), which does not recover.
THE TREATMENT OF SPIDER BITE VIOLINIST
It is of great importance to learn to recognize the spider bite violinist quickly and more importantly, is to receive medical care, you should not lose time Only it is recommended to sanitize the place of the bite put cold in the affected place and fast travel to the nearest hospital.
Any person who suffers a spider bite violinist should seek medical care with your primary care physician or in a medical center immediately. If a large area such as 10 cm or more, around the bite becomes red and swollen: The doctor may send you to a hospital where study and do analysis of allergies to get more tests or treatments.
The immediate treatment is the application of the antidote (faboterápico multipurpose antiloxosceles) as quickly as possible and attend to the injuries unique to each patient, are usually prescribed antibiotics, antihistamines, analgesics, and drugs such as dapsone or colchicine.
TO PREVENT BITES, SPIDER VIOLINIST
To NOT be bitten by this species of spiders, you can follow these simple tips:
*Thoroughly clean your home at least once a week. You should clean down carpets and furniture, also the back of the boxes.
*Use insecticide in the places in which the spider violinist could be.
*Do not store books, utensils and ornaments in corners with low-light or enclosed areas.
*Do not leave your children to play in places where there is wood or stones.
*Locate the bed away from the walls and the edges out of the floor.
*Shake the clothes and check well before use, especially if that clothing was stored a long time.
The spider bite violinist usually occurs while you are sleeping, you must check your bed before bedtime.
Use gloves when working in the garden or to clean enclosed areas. If you are going to spend the night in a house that has not been inhabited for a long time, clean well and look for these poisonous insects.