What are fleas?
Fleas are small insects that specialize in feeding on blood, this makes them parasites. There is a variety of fleas (over 2,000 types) and each is specially adapted to feed on different hosts.
However, the vast majority of fleas in the home are the cat flea, the dog flea, human flea, and the flea of the rat.
Fleas do not have wings, and therefore require alternative methods of travel. Here is where come into play the strong hind legs that have:
Their hind legs are capable of propelling a flea over 200 times its long body! This makes the fleas can jump and move from side to side, even without wings.
Fleas are very small, only a couple of millimeters in size. Although they are small, you can still see at a glance. Usually, these are dark brown, but after feeding they turn a color more reddish.
Part of what makes the fleas in the house are so hard to kill, their life cycle is accelerated.
Fleas are insects holometabolous, meaning they go through four stages of metamorphic different: These are the egg, larvae, pupae and adults.
Fleas begin as eggs. A flea nurse usually put up between 20-30 eggs at a time, but you can put up to 50 eggs in some circumstances.
The fleas in the house, will put eggs in carpets. They hatch quickly, from 2 to 14 days. The egg of a flea is 50% infestation home.
The eggs will eventually become larvae, and will continue to live in the bottom of your carpet. They feed on organic matter, grow in a slow way. After moving 3 times, eventually it will spin a cocoon.
Flea larvae are 35% of an infestation.
Inside the silk cocoon, the larvae will transform into an adult flea. This usually takes about two weeks. Once transformed, the adult will remain within the casing of the pupa until it detects a host nearby. Can remain dormant in this cocoon, perhaps up to a year. The buds are the 10% of an infestation.
Finally, the adult fleas emerge, they feed and reproduce. These are the little insects that bite you. Only represent 5% of an infestation by fleas.
Eliminate Fleas, Pre-Adult
Kill eggs, larvae, and cocoons are the most important stages of the life of the flea to eliminate. Constitute more than 95% of an infestation total number of fleas in the house.
The best thing you can do to eliminate them is to vacuum the carpet frequently. This will absorb many of these fleas and pre-adult.
However, you will need to do more than just this. The insect growth regulators, such as Nylar, are commonly used in sprays for fleas to households. In this work, we focused on eggs and larvae, the cocoons are not affected by insecticides. These insecticides work by preventing the larvae of fleas turn into adults. This completely cut off their reproduction cycle.
Eliminate the adult fleas
The adult fleas leave bites are irritating and can lay eggs to continue the infestation. There are many methods that you can use to kill adult fleas. Some of these include traps, flea, insecticides (pyrethrin), and powders for carpets (borate).
Treatment for fleas on pets
There are many otc products for the treatment of fleas in dogs and cats. However, many of these will only kill the adult fleas. In our opinion, the best product that kills larvae and adult fleas is Bayer Advantage.
These insecticides are usually used to kill adult fleas, and regulate the growth of insects, pre-adult. This should be all that you must use to kill the fleas on your pets.
If you do not want to use these chemicals on their pets, you have other options. These include shampoo flea, flea collars, oral medications, sprays and comb flea.
Avoid the flea we bite
Finish with a flea infestation in the house, sometimes we can take a very long time. This is because there are to wait for them to finish their life cycles before they die completely.
In the meantime, it may be useful to prevent fleas we bite. You can use insect repellents such as DEET for skin and permethrin for clothing. This will keep away the fleas in the house.