The orchids are beautiful flowers with great commercial value and that add value to any place in which they are inserted.
Exotic plant with a delicate beauty, develops in almost all continents, except in Antarctica, but today let’s talk about some of the brazilian orchids.
Its flowers emerge in late summer, are large and in the color purple, the excessive use of it in the cities, is making it become extinct.
It is the first species of cattleya cataloged, and it was considered for many years lost, being known as the Lost cattleya.
His story is one of the most mysterious of the world orquidófilo. In 1818 William Swainson sent from Rio de Janeiro a lot of ornamental plants to England and along were some orchids soon after you send this batch of plants Swainson sailed to New Zealand, where it disappeared forever.
In 1821, in the greenhouse of William Cattley they flourished causing great admiration because of their large flowers, to classify it, described it and gave the name of cattleya in honor of the
William, but they needed to know what is the origin of the plant that Swainson sent and forgot to say where the plant was collected as the batch of plants came from Rio de Janeiro believed that the origin would be in the area, they sent so many expeditions to try to find the natural habitat of this plant is so magnificent, obviously without success, as the plant is native of Pernambuco.
In 1889 without someone that was looking for insects in the state of Pernambuco, decided to send some lovely orchids that we found for your sponsor, and without wanting to solve the mystery that haunted the plant, discovering its origin. It was considered the event of the year.
- Has bulbs vigorous that vary between 15 and 5 cm, with a leaf solitary light green color, long and elliptical which also varies from 15 to 25 centimeters.
- Blooms from November to April, with peak in march.
- Each bulb may contain two to five flowers
- Its scent is quite remarkable.
- Prefers tropical forests and the rainy.
The bulb is usually dehydrated after flowering, so keep up the hydration and the substrate of the plant in the day and not have problems.
At the end of flowering, must be replanted, it is when they begin to arise new roots and bulbs.
Can be divided with a minimum of three or four bulbs per cut so as not to disrupt the flowering of the next year.
It was found from the bay down by the Holy Spirit, Rio de Janeiro, going to the south of the country, but unfortunately is no longer found in its natural habitat due to indiscriminate deforestation and made by site, men, the only samples that still exist are grown in laboratories to not let the plant is completely extinct and for home use.
- Bifoliadas, have pseudobulbs and thin in the shape of a cane with size ranging from 25 to 40 cm with two or three leaves.
- Prefers a tropical climate with mild temperatures during the night and during the day vegeta with intense light
- Issues one to four flowers, velvety texture, durable and scent intense. With flowers in bronze color with brown spotted and pseudobulbs are yellowish white striated in the color violet strong.
- With flowers of extreme beauty, it blooms in December with peak flowering in march.
- Cultivation is easy if the weather cooperate.
Mitonia moreliana Alba
Their flowers last over a month, begins to flourish with 18 months, and bloom from January to march.
The flowers are white with a stem for the flower, and measure 9 inches.
Originating from the Holy Spirit, they like indirect light.
More a rare example, known as the black orchid, it blooms several times a year and the flowers last for a maximum of five days. Its flowers have petals with red color very dark, and measure less than 2 centimeters.
- It grows quickly and its cultivation is simple.
- Like shaded sites and very damp, but no standing water in the roots, so the best way to cultivate it is in case bored with a layer of stones for the water to drain.
- Does not tolerate temperatures below 10 degrees.
- Likes indirect light.
- With its pseudobulbs small, does not have the ability to store nutrient, so when it is cultivated in the home, needs to be fertilized on a weekly basis.
Rare and Exotic species
Originally from the south and southeast of Brazil, a big plant upright and robust, with the stem cylindrical, and leaves with the shape that resembles the head of a lizard (elongated oval).
Its inflorescence is long with many small flowers slightly opened by shaft, with colors that vary between yellow, green, orange or almost black covered for by the whites.
Blooms in the late winter, and its cultivation is the basic of an orchid, without any special need.
Basic care of the orchids
Keep them in a place illuminated, but without the direct incidence of sunlight and with good ventilation.
The ground should not dry out but never let water accumulated in the vessels, it encourages the development of fungi, that cause death of the plant.
After the flowers fall, the ideal is to cut the stems become dry, but take care when cutting out, cut them at their base, leaving only 2 inches of it or so, right above that node that way, enabling the birth of new flowers that rod or perhaps a new change.
Adube once a month, and avoid fertilizing at the time of flowering.
The roots well-hydrated are green if they are white they need water and if they are gray and soft means too much watering, when it is the case, leave a 10 days without any watering.
Tip: to keep the root hydrated in the right measure, place 3 ice cubes under the sheets once per week, increase frequency in the summer, going to put them in every four days.
The beauty of orchids in brazil and the rest of the world brings color to our life and if we don’t take care becomes a passion addictive because there are more than 25 thousand varieties of the plant, each one with its own beauty exclusive, but tell me, which one of them most fascinates you about?
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