If you are thinking of renovating your garden and give it a touch more colorful, it is time to choose the begonias. It is a plant genus that has more than 1,000 species and more than 10,000 hybrid varieties. The great majority of them are grown to get the foliage so colorful and bring value to your garden. These plants can live perfectly in the interior, but also outside, if they are cared for correctly.
In this post you will learn how to care for your begonias, both on the inside as on the outside so that they grow properly. Do you want to learn how to care for begonias?
Types of begonias
There are three main types of begonias. The perennials, tuberous and semperflorens. This last is the most common for the moment. Even if you have different types of begonias, usually require the same care.
Begonias have a wide variety of colors ranging from yellow, pink, salmon, red and even white. With this variety of colors you can toggle back and forth to give great color to your garden. Often grow with a dense foliage with a height of between 15 and 22 cm. If the conditions are ideal and they are well-fed, these plants can grow much more. The leaves are marked, large and asymmetric. There are also begonias, smaller, not exceeding a centimeter wide.
Begonias are plants that need ideal conditions to grow well. Usually, they are very easy to grow, as they develop in any type of light and even shadow. Thanks to this, you can be perfect houseplants. Preferably, they prefer partial sun before you live, since you can damage it.
To grow properly , they need a fertile soil, loose and that is well-drained. Require quite a bit of attention. Each time you will have to remove the leaves, stems and dead flowers. In addition, it is very advisable to fertilizing at least once a month.
If you want to have a few begonias in perfect condition, you will need to give good care and pampering. This plant needs to enjoy the bright light of the sun, so make sure you place it in a place where you have enough hours of sun. Does not have to be direct sun, but that can be in a window that is located to the east or to the south.
If you sow begonias for foliage, do not need the direct light of the sun. Just to give them through a curtain that is translucent, which will remove some light. On the other hand, if you want to have begonias for flowering, they will need a few hours of sun a day.
Since begonias are plants that are very sensitive to temperature changes, it is advisable to provide a temperature more stable. Therefore, it is more common to use these plants as indoor gardens. When you are situated in a garden it is more complicated to protect them from sudden changes of temperatures. It is important to keep them always in a current of air. So, if you are indoors, it is best to put them near a window. The ideal temperature is above 18 degrees. If it is below, it is more complicated that can thrive well.
Irrigation and location
They need to be watered at least once a week or every two weeks. Many people drown the plants with the irrigation excess water. Begonias don’t need much water. It is only appropriate to keep the substrate moist. If you put your finger in the ground and not notes nothing of humidity, touch, water the plant.
The best place to grow your begonias is in pots. They have the advantage of having a system of small roots and do not need a transplantations frequently. This gives them a greater versatility when placing them on different sites. However, if in the spring towards the pot and its roots have completely covered the bottom, it is better to change it to another bigger pot.
Begonias planted for its flowering must be outdoors in the hours of sunlight in spring. While the temperature does not drop below 18 degrees, begonias enjoy a porch with shade. Remember that if you do grow outdoors, they need more irrigation. This is because they are exposed to evaporation by the erosive action of the wind. In the same way, only you need to make sure touching the substrate. If you are humerus is well, if it is not, you need irrigation.
It is common to find begonias as houseplants, because of their care are lower. They also are seen in baskets of houses and in flower beds. They are quite popular for its leaves and flowers so active.
Pests and diseases
If you’ve planted begonias, both interior and exterior, you should know that they are vulnerable to pests and diseases. If we compare it with other plants, you may not have as many problems, but even so, it is better to know the effects. Problems associated with pests and diseases can be solved with active surveillance. With to be aware of the plant and act as soon as you notice any abnormality there is usually no problem.
The main needs of humidity and ventilation have to be covered at all times. If the plant has an excess of moisture and does not have good ventilation, it will be more prone to suffer from diseases and be attacked by pests.
Among the main pests that we encounter are: snails, slugs, spider mites, boll weevil of the vine, scales, and mealybugs. All of these pests require a high humidity to survive. Therefore, if you keep humidity and ventilation ideal, does not have to suffer.
On the other hand, between the disease and the most common pests that we find the stem rot, powdery mildew, root rot Pythium and Botrytis blight.
Since begonias need temperatures above 18 degrees, it is almost impossible to keep them in good condition in winter. During many winter nights, temperatures fall below zero degrees. In these situations, we put the begonias on the inside and water them less often. If we see that the leaves turn to yellow, we must stop watering.
With these instructions you will be able to maintain and enjoy your begonias.
The article Care of the begonias has been originally published in Gardening On.