Opium poppy (Papaver somniferum)

Flor de adormidera

The flowers of the genus Papaver are very pretty, but with the poppy take a little care 馃檪 . Its cultivation and maintenance is very simple, as easy as was expected of a common herb, so that we can enjoy it every spring.

If you want to know all about it, then I’ll explain 馃檪 .

Origin and characteristics

Planta adormidera

The opium poppy, whose scientific name is Papaver somniferum, is an annual herb glabrous or somewhat hairy, which measures between 15 centimeters and 1.5 meters native to the mediterranean region. Its leaves are oblong-ovate, lobadas or sometimes pinnatisectas, and measure 2-30 by 0.5-20cm. The flowers, without doubt its most attractive part, are pedunculadas (that is to say, they have a stem which is born of the root, with one or two leaves), solitary and terminal, white, pink, violet or red.

The fruit, variable size, it is a capsule subglobosa, glabrous, inside which are the tiny seeds. Both the first as what is in its interior is used for its high content of alkaloids, for the manufacture of opium and its derivatives illegal. In the pharmaceutical and medical industry are used to make painkillers.

What are your care?

Adormidera

If you want to have a copy in your patio or garden, we recommend providing the following care:

  • Location: outside, in full sun.
  • Earth:
    • Pot: culture substrate universal blended with 30% perlite.
    • Garden: it is indifferent, provided that it has good drainage.
  • Irrigation: 3-4 times per week, somewhat less if you live in an area with humid climate.
  • Subscriber: it is recommended to fertilize with organic fertilizers once a month. Yes, it is important to use liquid fertilizers if grown in a pot so that the drainage is still good.
  • Propagation: by seed in late winter.
  • Hardiness: does not support the cold. When it blooms and bears fruit, it withers.

What do you think of the poppy?

The article opium Poppy (Papaver somniferum) has been originally published in Gardening On.

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