The scallion or chive is an herb with a bulbous that it can be grown both in pots and in the ground. It produces inflorescences of pink color, very decorative, and also can be used in the kitchen.
So if you need to give something of color to your favorite space of the home and include a natural ingredient to your recipes, then we’ll tell you all about the onions.
Origin and characteristics
Our protagonist is an herb bulbous perennial native to Canada and Siberia. Its scientific name is Allium schoenoprasum and is popularly known as the spring onion, onion leaf, onion, chives or garlic chives. Grows to a height of 30 to 50cm from a bulb that has a conical shape and measures between 2 and 3cm long by 1cm wide. The leaves are hollow and tubular, with a smooth texture.
The flowers, which sprout in spring (April in the northern hemisphere) are purple and are grouped in inflorescences that are surrounded by a bract (modified blade that protects it) with a texture similar to that of the paper. The seeds are produced in capsules of three valves, which ripen in summer.
How is it grown?
If you want to get a copy, we highly recommend you follow these tips:
The seeds are sown in spring, and is done in the following way:
- First, fill a tray of seedlings (you can get it here) with a substrate for seedlings (like this).
- Second, is watered and placed in a maximum of two seeds per cavity.
- Third, are covered with a thin layer of substrate and re-watering, this time with a sprayer.
- Fourth, place the seedlings in a plastic tray, on the outside to full sun.
- Fifth, every 2 days you are going to water -pouring the water in the tray-.
So, will germinate over the next 14 days.
When the seedlings have a height of about 5-10cm, it will be time to pass them to the garden or a pot. Let’s see how to proceed in each case:
- Before anything, you must prepare the ground: remove the wild grasses, fertilize with guano or other organic fertilizer such as cow manure), and install the drip irrigation system.
- Then, to make the furrows, leaving a distance of about 120cm between them.
- Then, plant the seedlings so that they are separated by about 20cm between them.
- Finally, it starts up the irrigation system.
- First, take a pot that measures about 20cm in diameter as a minimum and rellanarla with substrate cultivation universal.
- Second, a hole is made in the center, not too deep.
- Third, place the plant in the center.
- Fourth, it flattens out the land well.
- Fifth and last, is watered and placed in full sun.
Now that you have planted, take care of them. For that you have to do the following:
- Watering 2-3 times a week in the summer. The rest of the year it will not matter to water as often.
- Pay at least once a month (every 15 days) with an organic fertilizer.
- Remove the herbs they grow.
You have to cut the leaves to 1cm above the level of the soil, from spring through fall. Then you can have a glass of water for several days, cut into small pieces of 5mm long and leave them in a ventilated place, or eat them directly.
In addition to seeds, you can have green onions for the bulbs. To get them there is to let the plants grow for at least a year, and from the second may be separated from the bulbitos at the end of winter or in the autumn and plant them in other areas.
Pests and diseases
It is very resistant. In fact, it is used as a plant repellent, as although it is not as effective as onion or garlic, to prevent is interesting. 🙂
Supports up to -7ºC minimum and up to 40ºC maximum-always have water.
What uses does it have?
The chives have a flavor similar to that of the onion, and is used a lot in the kitchen. For example, it is common to find it finely chopped in salads, stuffed eggs, soups, tortillas, or creams. Its nutritional value per 100 grams is as follows:
- Calories: 30g
- Total fat: 0.7 g
- Saturated fatty acids: 0,1 g
- Polyunsaturated fatty acids: 0.3 g
- Monounsaturated fatty acids: 0.1 g
- Cholesterol: 0mg
- Sodium: 3mg
- Potassium: 296mg
- Carbohydrates: 4.4 g
- Dietary fiber: 2.5 g
- Sugars: 1.9 g
- Protein: 3.3 g
- Vitamin A: 500ug
- Vitamin C: to the tune of 58.1 mg
- Vitamin B6: 0.1 mg
- Magnesium: 42mg
- Iron: 1.6 mg
- Calcium: 92mg
- Magnesium: 42mg
The onion is medicinal. It can be used to all of this:
- prevent cancer
- as a diuretic
- fight free radicals, which are one of the responsible of cellular aging
- strengthen the immune system
- combat bacterial and fungal infections
- to stimulate the appetite
- to avoid bad breath
- improve bone health
- prevent heart disease
- lower cholesterol levels
- treat fatigue and depression
- eliminate intestinal parasites
If you want to take advantage of it, you just have to include it in your diet. Yes, it is highly recommended to consume it fresh, so it is advisable to cut it when you go to eat.
And with this we finish. Did you even know all these qualities of the onion? We hope that you have found useful everything that you read. If you have any doubt, leave it in the comments and we’ll solve as soon as possible.
The article Scallion, a plant very useful in the kitchen and in the garden has been originally published in Gardening On.