The Syringa vulgaris is a tree beautiful, ideal to have in all kinds of gardens, be they large or small. Its leaves are green, but very pretty, and not talk about your flowers. When in bloom like to view it for a good time all day.
With a minimum care we will be able to contemplate it in all its glory from minute 1 that you are with us. So if you are looking for a plant that is easy and beautiful, don’t stop reading 🙂 .
Origin and characteristics
Our protagonist is a deciduous tree endemic to the Balkans, in southeast Europe, whose scientific name is Syringa vulgaris. It is popularly known as lilo or lilac common, and reaches a height of 6-7 meters, with a trunk single or multiple. The bark is gray to gray brown, smooth when young, fissured when old. The leaves are simple and measure of 4-12cm long and 3-8cm wide.
The flowers have a tubular base, with a corolla of 6-10mm long, with apices open four lobes of 5-8mm, lilac to mauve, sometimes white. They are grouped in inflorescences in the form of a panicle dense, terminal, 8-18cm long. The fruit is a dry capsule, brown, and lisa 2cm long in the interior of which we find two winged seeds.
What are your care?
If you want to get a copy, we recommend you provide the following care:
You have to place your Syringa vulgaris on the outside, in full sun. You can also be in partial shade if it receives more light than shadow.
- Garden soil: all except the acids. Also, you have to have good drainage.
- Pot: culture substrate universal blended with 30% perlite.
The watering must be moderate, considering that they can endure some drought (no more than 5 days in summer) if it takes more than a year planted in the ground. Anyway, the ideal is to water it 2-3 times a week during the warmer months and every 4-5 days the rest of the year.
From spring to summer , you must pay it with organic fertilizers, such as guano, or the dung of herbivorous animals. In the case of having it in the pot, use liquid fertilizer so as not to hinder the drainage of water.
Time of planting or transplant
In spring, when the risk of frost has passed. If you have a pot there that transplanting it every two years.
To multiply to the Syringa vulgaris cuttings is to cut a green shoot that measure 10-15cm in early spring. To impregnate the base with enraizantes home and plant in a pot with vermiculite to keep moist. So enraizará in 3-6 weeks.
You can do otvodki air in the spring, by cutting a ring of bark on branches of 1-2 years, to permeate of hormones for rooting, and then cover it with a black plastic bag filled with substrate for cultivation, universal pre-moistened. So, enraizará in about 3 months.
Can be affected by the following:
- Aphids: can be cottony or type macaws. Fight them with anti-lice.
- Holes: excavate galleries in trunks and branches. Are treated with insecticides, anti-cut, spraying all the parts of the tree.
- Barrenillos: excavate galleries under the bark, in which appear holes. The treatment involves cutting off the affected parts and burn them, and keep the plant well-healthy and cared for.
- Mites: cause the abortion of buds. Fight them with acaricides.
Can be affected by the following:
- Powdery mildew: a disease caused by fungi characterized by the appearance of a dust-gray in the leaves. Combat it with fungicides.
- Necrosis in the cortex: in diseased branches are observed blackish spots, and the leaves blacken and fall off. Combat it with fungicides.
- Virus: the young leaves are observed yellow stains. Subsequently abarquillan or deform. There is No cure. there are that destroy the plant.
Supports frost of up to -17ºC. In addition, you can live in a variety of climates, but it is necessary that the minimum temperature is lower than 0 ° so that it can hibernate well.
What uses does it have?
The tree of the lilo is a plant with a high ornamental value. You can have both as exemplary of isolated and in groups, even as hedges, low or medium. Due to its characteristics, is perfect to have in pots, since they do not have a root system aggressive.
All plants have a very important role in their natural habitat, and in the case of the Syringa vulgaris is to serve as food for the caterpillars of the moths Craniophora ligustri. But not only that, but many insect pollinators, such as bees or butterflies, will be greatly benefited if we planted a specimen in our garden.
What did you like this plant? Do you ever seen? If you’re determined to buy one, go to any nursery or gardening store (online or physical). Sure that you find 🙂 .
The article Syringa vulgaris, the tree to take in all kinds of gardens has been originally published in Gardening On.